Fremantle Prison Timeline
Various events occurred from the time of inception of the Fremantle prison, or while it was still referred to as ‘The Establishment’ till when it became a tourist site. Some of the timeline of activities over the years that involve the Fremantle prison are highlighted below:
The year dates as one of the earliest histories of Fremantle. Swan River colony was founded with the first settlers at Fremantle.
A roundhouse was built, this was where people were detained, it also served as a courthouse and a place of execution.
There was an exchange from the Parkhurst Prison Reformatory whereby Juveniles were sent from the Isle of Wight (UK) to come work in Western Australia (Fremantle) to work on farmlands and in households.
The establishment of the Western Australian Police Force following the Police Ordinance Act.
The first set of 75 convicts arrived at Fremantle.
Construction of the warders’ cottage began with the company of Royal Engineers.
Construction of houses for the senior officers was completed, and the main cell block for the convict establishment started.
A new administrative structure was set up and became the first published code of rules and regulations to govern the Western Australian Police Force
The main cell block was opened for use, and the convicts were moved there.
The building and opening of Perth Gaol. A clock was also installed at the Gatehouse tower of the prison.
The convict establishment project was finally completed.
The asylum building at Fremantle was built using convict labour, it is now referred to as Fremantle Arts Centre.
The convict establishment was replaced and renamed as the colonial convict establishment.
The convict establishment was again renamed as Fremantle prison.
The last ship carrying the last set of convicts arrived at Fremantle.
Political prisonersheld as convicts escaped from custody and evaded recapture.
Fremantle Prison was handed over to the colonial government.
The gallows at Fremantle became the only legal place for execution in the State.
A structural change was made in the prison to include the female division
The first elected government came into power, led by Sir John Forrest.
A royal commission was included in the penal system of the colony.
The state of Australia became a federal state.
Western Australia had the establishment of Prisons Act
A new division was completed at the Fremantle prison
Another royal commission was issued that saw too many structural reforms in the prison.
A portion of the prison was set aside to serve as a reformatory prison under the prisons amendment act 1918.
During the WWII, Australian army used part of the prison as a detention barracks for military personnel
The last convict faced the capital punishment of hanging. The act was later abolished.
The female prisoners have transferred to Bandyup medium-security facility.
The title of Comptroller-General of prisons was changed to Director of the Department of Corrections.
Rules and regulations were issued for prisons in Western Australia.
Capital punishment was abolished in the state.
Riot and fire broke out in the prison, the prisoners rebelled and held some officers hostage for about two days before the order was restored.
Fremantle Prison was finally closed and the last set of inmates were transferred to a maximum-security prison at Casuarina.
Fremantle Prison was listed in the State Register of Heritage Places.
Permission was given for a private tourist operator to offer tours of the prison to the public
The full operations of the prison were returned to the state government.
Fremantle Prison was listed in the National Register of Heritage places
Fremantle Prison was listed in the World Register of Heritage places along with other ten Australian convict sites.
Fremantle Prison was vested in the portfolio of the Minister for Heritage.